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尽管特朗普抱怨连连,美国对欧盟的贸易逆差仍然攀升超过11%

2019-08-17 15:24   美国新闻网   - 

 

  美国贸易盈余与去年同期相比,今年上半年欧盟的失业率上升了11%以上。

  尽管特朗普抱怨欧盟对美国的贸易顺差在他的监督下有所增加。彭博资讯报道称,虽然10年前美国对欧盟的贸易逆差仅为187亿欧元,但2019年上半年为750亿欧元,即830亿美元。

  这些数字说明了总统关于贸易的言论和美国长期趋势之间的紧张关系。尽管特朗普关注贸易赤字,但美国40多年来一直处于全球赤字状态。近年来,出口到欧盟和从欧盟进口的产品数量之间的差距显著扩大。

  特朗普一直寻求减少美国对中国的贸易逆差——这是引发华盛顿和北京紧张关系的一个主要因素。与此同时,美国商品贸易赤字总额上升。以及对中国的出口减少超过了今年上半年的进口量。

  作为保护主义措施的一部分,特朗普指责欧盟贸易政策对美国不公平。他此前曾威胁对欧盟组装的汽车征收关税,此举将给欧洲汽车公司带来沉重的财政负担。这一决定将特别影响德国,德国出售了310亿美元的汽车部件去年去了美国。美国从该国进口了1259亿美元的商品,同时出口了577亿美元,这使美国面临相当大的贸易逆差。

  特朗普对欧洲的批评给美国及其一些长期伙伴之间的军事和贸易联盟注入了紧张。他声称欧盟对美国的贸易比中国差,并在周四新罕布什尔州的一次竞选集会上再次谴责欧洲国家。

  特朗普试图重新谈判和重组贸易关系,给全球经济带来了不确定性,并引发了对衰退的担忧。世界各国央行都在积极降息,希望刺激经济。

  随着经济数据似乎预示着未来经济放缓的不祥迹象,全球市场本月的反应是下行趋势。本周发布的新数据也加剧了对衰退的担忧。除了美国消费者信心因贸易紧张而下降之外,世界第四大经济体德国的经济在今年第二季度出现萎缩。中国的工厂产量以17年来的最低速度增长。

Trade
欧洲联盟驻美国大使斯塔夫罗斯 Lambrinidis欧盟理事会主席国代表团副团长亚尼 Raappana美国总统唐纳德·特朗普和美国贸易代表罗伯特Lighthizer。奇普索莫代维拉/盖蒂图像公司

U.S. TRADE DEFICIT WITH EUROPEAN UNION CLIMBS OVER 11 PERCENT, DESPITE TRUMP'S GRIPES


The U.S. trade surplus with the European Union in the first half of the year rose more than 11 percent when compared to a year earlier.

Although Trump has complained about the EU's trade surplus with the U.S. it has risen under his watch. Bloomberg reported that while America's trade deficit with the E.U.was just 18.7 billion euros 10 years ago, it was 75 billion euros, or $83 billion, in the first half of 2019.

The figures illuminate the tension between the president's rhetoric on trade and long-running U.S. trends. Despite Trump's focus on trade deficits, the U.S. has operated at a global deficit for more than 40 years. The gap between the number of products the exported to, and imported from, the EU has significantly widened in recent years.

Trump's has sought to diminish the U.S. trade deficit with China -- a major factor motivating tensions between Washington and Beijing. At the same time, America's total goods trade deficit rose. And exports to China decreased more than the imports did in the first half of this year.

As part of his protectionist measures, Trump has railed against EU trading policies, claiming they are unfair to the U.S. He has previously threatened to impose tariffs on imports of cars assembled in EU, a move that would create a hefty financial burden for European automobile companies. Such a decision would particularly affect Germany, which sold $31 billion of cars and parts to the U.S. last year. The U.S. imported $125.9 billion of goods from the country, while exporting $57.7 billion, leaving the U.S. with a sizable trade deficit.

Trump's criticism of Europe has infused tension into military and trade alliances between the U.S. and some of its longstanding partners. He has claimed that EU treats the U.S. worse on trade than China does and again railed against European nations at a Thursday night campaign rally in New Hampshire.

Trump's attempts to renegotiate and restructure trade relations have thrown uncertainty into the global economy and spurred fears of a recession. Central banks around the world have pursued aggressive rate cuts in hopes of stimulating their economies.

Global markets have responded with downward trends this month as economic data appear to signal ominous signs of future slowdown. New data released this week also bolstered fears of a recession. In addition to U.S. consumer confidence declining in response to trade tensions, Germany's economy, the world's fourth-largest, shrank in the second quarter of the year. China's factory output grew at the slowest rate in 17 years.

Trade
European Union Ambassador to the United States Stavros Lambrinidis, Deputy Head of Mission of the Presidency of the Council of the E.U. Jani Raappana, U.S. President Donald Trump and U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer.CHIP SOMODEVILLA/GETTY IMAGES

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